With over 25 years experience manufacturing reproduction garments, I hope to be able to offer some insights not usually found in typical references. Despite this being one of the most produced and worn uniforms of the Second World War, and authentic examples being relatively plentiful, the available reference material is surprisingly scant.
Prior to the outbreak of WWII, the US Army issued a blue denim jumper, trousers, and hat for fatigue duties and used the cotton khaki shirt and trousers for a summer uniform.
Ina green uniform made from cotton herringbone twill HBT fabric was introduced to replace both the denim and khaki cotton uniforms for work and field operations. Shirts, trousers, coveralls and caps were produced. These garments were issued to all Army personnel in all theaters of operations, ultimately becoming one of the most common garments worn during WWII. The first pattern jackets, Spec. Number 45, were waist length, with two pleated breast pockets, an adjustable waist band, and bi-swing back.
The trousers were essentially the same pattern as the khaki models with straight legs, four internal pockets, and a watch pocket. Both garments used metal tack buttons for closures. These uniforms were widely issued and were worn in all theaters of operation until the end of the War.
Production of both ran into the Fall of This fact combined with complaints from the troops regarding their design led to the garments being modified in order to simplify production and improve their functional characteristics. The new jacket was greatly simplified; the bi-swing back, adjustable waist and gusseted armpits were gone, the breast pockets were simpler and much larger. The new trousers had a larger seat for better freedom of movement, a higher rise, and the internal pockets were replaced with two large cargo types on the hips.
The Specials At this point, the Army was going to great lengths to protect troops from possible chemical warfare attack. The Specials appeared early inwith contracts running concurrently with non-special garments.
The first second pattern jacket was the only model without a gas flap. This was the 45B which was only made for a brief period at the end of and early In Jan the first Special was approved, the short-lived 45C, Jan which was identical to the 45B, except for the addition of the gas flap and buttons under the rear of the collar for an anti-gas hood.
In Marchthis was replaced by the 45D which eliminated the yoke at the shoulders. This model was manufactured through the end of the War in both sage green and OD7. The Quartermaster did differentiate uniforms made in the two colors by assigning them separate stock numbers.
A New Shade Duringthe sage green color was determined to be unacceptable. Even when new, the color was too light for concealment purposes, and use and exposure led to fading, further exacerbating the problem.
After lengthy tests and field trials with various colors and camouflage patterns, the OQMG decided on olive drab shade number 7 as the best solution. Garments were made in both sage green and OD7 simultaneously due to the Army permitting the manufacturers to use up existing stocks of fabrics before switching to the new color.
In April,one small change was made to the trousers by lowering the hip pockets inches to make them easier to access when the soldier was wearing a field jacket. Due to the late date of this change, it is unlikely that any trousers with the lower pocket position were used during the Normandy Landings in June, The parts were with power knives or die punched and individually tagged to prevent shading.
The contractors used standard lock stitch machines for single seams and two-needle chain stitch models for the felled, interlocking seams. Belt loops and pocket corners were reinforced with bartacks usually 18 or 28 stitch. Both corded eyelet and standard tacked buttonholes were allowed by the OQMG. Tack buttons were attached with hand or foot presses while plastic buttons were affixed by machine.
Spec labels with the item name, size, manufacturer, and contract information were placed in the right hand pocket and woven size labels sewn into the necks, waistbands or sweatbands. Some are due to Army permitting substitute components or assembly methods due to shortages of materials or equipment, while others simply come with the territory when hundreds of thousands of garments are being made by numerous manufacturers using fabric and parts supplied by hundreds of companies- often as quickly as possible.
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Yes We're Open!! Military Headwear. Army Surplus World is proud to offer the largest selection of military headwear on the Internet and in our store.
We offer over different military baseball hats, fatigue caps, balaclavas, watch caps, utility covers, skull caps, shemaghs and boonie hats. We also have inspection ready military berets. We offer hats for all branches of service in a variety of designs and types for whatever you are looking for. Many of these styles include advanced technology, such as moisture-wicking fabrics, water-repellent treatments and heat-retention technology.
These caps are a great way to show your military pride, or a great gift for the service member close to you. All of our caps are all season and as always made of quality materials. Military Ball Caps. Boonie Hats. Cold Weather Hats. Military Uniform Hats. Sign to Newsletter:. Gift Cards. Be Rewarded. About Army Surplus World.Timeless Tailors. Toggle navigation Menu. Air Force Belt. This Air Force Belt is beautifully made. Silver color buckle with "Hap" Arnold design. One size, adjustable up to 52 Inches.
Kids B Nylon Bomber Jacket. Kids B Nylon Bomber Jacket! Children's B Bomber Jackets made to look like the real ones with plenty of U. Bomber Jacket has nylon shell and insulated.
Faux fur collar, knit cuffs, elastic waistband. Our u. Made from premium materials, these United States Army caps feature Khaki wool twill tops with wool mohair cap bands. Sku: Made from premium materials, these United States Army caps feature Olive Drab wool twill tops with wool mohair cap bands. This is the protective leather chin cup for attachment to helmet A yoke straps, worn by US Paratroopers in world war two.
These Chin Cups include the lining.
Our U. Tiger Stripe Jungle Jacket Vietnam Reproduction has 4 patch pockets with flaps, concealed buttons, epaulettes, adjustable waist and adjustable buttoned cuffs.
Comes with U. Army and cavalry patches. Cotton outer and rayon lining. Button front with zipper, epaulets, 2 pockets, button adjustable cuffs and waist. Perfect replacement for an original M1 Helmet. US M1 Helmet Net. The US M1 Helmet Net will fit M1 Helmets and was used to break up the helmets silhouette and also for adding grass, leaves or other materials for camouflage.
Newly made M1 Helmet includes steel outer shell, inner liner, web suspension system, with fully adjustable sweatband and adjustable chin strap. M Doughboy Helmet reproduction made from an original M pattern helmet. Steel shell is made from 18 gauge steel. Replica helmet is built to the same specs down to the string, metal and adjustable coated canvas liner. This shirt can be used for an enlisted man's field or combat use. These pants includes 4 pockets, waist tightening tabs, suspender buttons and loops, 5 fly buttons and ankle tabs.
R eplica U. Navy Divers Helmet Mark V is a stunning nautical decorative item. WWII era, made entirely of antiqued aluminum, aged patina, reasonable weight. Features real glass port hole windows and the front plate swings open. With our U. Our version has metal buttons, one front top buttoned pocket and one back pocket.
Full grain leather uppers, Goodyear welt, leather and rubber soles, 12 eyelet lacing. This is a faithful reproduction of the paratroopers' WWII uniforms from through For more questions regarding uniform policy, please contact the Army G For more questions regarding uniform policy, contact Army G This uniform is one of the most admired and recognizable uniforms in the Army's history.
The reintroduction of this uniform is meant to inspire trust and confidence in our Soldiers' professionalism and readiness. The uniform will be tailored for each individual Soldier.
Military Head Gear
Female Soldiers, however, will have the option to wear versions with a skirt or pants, and will also have additional shoe options. The Army is currently the only service that does not have a uniform for everyday business environments. The Green uniform will become the everyday service uniform for all Soldiers; the current Army Service Uniform will return to a more formal dress uniform role.
Currently, the Army and Air Force each have one dress uniform, the Marine Corps has two dress uniforms, and the Navy has three dress uniforms. The uniform will be cost-neutral for enlisted Soldiers.
The quality of the uniform is also expected to increase the life expectancy of the garment six years. All active component enlisted Soldiers will receive the annual clothing allowance to offset the cost.
This new uniform will have no additional cost for the American taxpayer or enlisted Soldiers. We are puchasing a higher quality uniform with a longer service life, and we are executing a longer phase-in period to remain cost neutral. The Army Uniform Board, which included an all-female board for the female uniform, sought and addressed both positive and negative feedback in desigining this uniform.
The limited user evaluation will collect feedback via focus groups and surveys, allowing the Army to make minor adjustments to the uniform. During phase II, the Army will conduct a limited user test to receive user feedback in order to finalize the uniform design. The uniform will be available to all Soldiers in July of The limited user evaluation will be complete in May User feedback will be used to finalize the uniform design.Army Enlisted Man's O. Woolen Winter Uniforms.
Officer's Men's Wool Winter Uniforms. Khaki Cotton Officer's Uniform. Army Insignia. Fatigue "Work" Uniforms. Army Regular Issue Field Uniforms.
Army uniform accessories. Edged Weapons. Rigger's Shop. Military Canvas Tents. Close menu. Home Let's buy something. See More Close cart. New Arrivals See More Close cart. Close cart. Swatches of fabric can be mailed to anyone wishing to pre-inspect the quality of fabrics before they make a purchase.
Please send us a self addressed and stamped envelope to our address and we would be happy to supply a swatch of any fabric we use in our garments. This concept implied that the fabrics used in the various articles of clothing and equipment were dyed in contrasted and complimentary shades of Olive Drab or Khaki.
Various shades of olive drab or "O.
Each component in an entire uniform had either a subtle or significant contrasting shades to each other. We have generally come to know and accept that the contemporary concept of camouflage applies on an individual level.
Camouflage by horizon on the other hand described camouflage used collectively in a large group of personnel.World War II Camouflage The use of camouflaged clothing by military forces is by no means a recent phenomenon.
The practice of medieval huntsman wearing subdued shades of brown or green is well attested. In the modern age of gunpowder, however, it could be said that the Germans were the pioneers in the use of uniforms with colors chosen for concealment, and as early as the 17th and 18th centuries. We are pleased to bring you a vast variety of authentically correct German and Russian patterns and post-war uniforms inspired by World War II originals.
We thank Mr. To help us develop and bringing us closer to the authentic line of world war camouflage. Toggle navigation Menu. Great for WWII reenactors. This Style Dual Mag Pouch is made from the same high quality leather as the holsters and belts with 3" wide belt loops to fit on leather and web belts. For single stack mags. Choose Black or Brown. Air Force Belt.
This Air Force Belt is beautifully made. Silver color buckle with "Hap" Arnold design.
One size, adjustable up to 52 Inches. Salute your next voyage with this elegant set of 2 sailor's cups. Brazed onto each cup is a copper anchor for added nautical flare. Cotton Pistol Belt Khaki. The Cotton Pistol Belt in Khaki is a regulation pistol belt. Made from heavy cotton canvas with black metal clamps and keepers. Includes a brass metal buckle.
Just like our M36 pistol belt, these are adjustable to fit up to 38 inch waist. This Double Stack Style Dual Mag Pouch is made from the same high quality leather as the holsters and belts with 3 inch wide belt loops to fit on leather and web belts. This summer work jacket or blouse is made of light-weight linen and cotton material and features six button front, four pockets with scalloped flaps and split cuffs.
Sku: Reproduction of the German Army Service Shirt. Excellent quality cotton fabric in grey color. Features pleated pockets with scalloped flaps, split cuffs, shoulder board loops with pebble finish buttons. Quality cotton fabric in olive color. Tropical service shirts were issued to German troops for use in Afrika, Italy and other areas of the Mediterranean. Pleated pockets, scalloped flaps, split cuffs, shoulder board loops and pebble finish buttons. Excellent quality cotton Splinter Pattern fabric in the correct color.
Marked in German sizes and corresponding US hat sizes. These Panzer wraps are excellent quality wool fabric and color as our other German uniforms.The jeep capsometimes referred to as jeep hat originally the US Army issued M wool knit cap is a knit cap with a short visor made mostly from knitted yarnoriginally woolbut now typically acrylic. The "jeep cap" was first issued by the United States Army in February during World War II ;  the purpose of the jeep cap was to be worn underneath the heavy combat helmets to offer soldiers both extra padding and warmth.
The jeep cap was originally knitted close to the head, with a six-stitch "starfish pattern" on top supposedly to support the webbing suspension inside the helmetswith a cuff coming out like a V from the top center of the brim and around the rest of the cap, which soldiers could pull down over their ears for even more warmth. The cap was issued in four different sizes — small, medium, large, and extra large — and made of olive drab O.
Another example of characters depicted wearing the cap is the WW2 movie Stalag Although made specifically for wear under the steel pot helmet, the cap alone grew to be very popular with soldiers for its casual and relaxed look and was often worn on its own, especially on night patrols. The cap was usually only issued to enlisted men, however, officers General Patton in particular despised the cap for its "slovenly" and "un-military" look and ordered wear of the cap without helmet to be banned and punished by a fine, with General Patton personally pulling them off a soldier's head  .
The cap was eventually phased out and replaced with the standardized green cloth M Field Cap, as part of the newer, layered U.
Army M Uniform. The jeep cap has been continued to be manufactured by the U. Army, however, many significant changes have been made to the cap since the original issue. For one thing, the cap is now knitted very loose and deep so it can be pulled down even lower over a soldier's head and ears for more warmth the cuff doesn't necessarily have to be pulled down to achieve thisand instead of the old six-stitch "starfish pattern" on top, it now features a simple, more modern four-stitch topping.
The cuff is now knitted completely around the entire cap, rather than coming out like a V at the center of the brim; also gone are the days of the cap being issued in four different sizes, as modern yarns are elastic enough that they are "one-size-fits-all".
Another significant change that has been made is that the cap is now manufactured in a much deeper shade of olive drab, but is also available in navy blue, and black.
Probably the only thing that is the same about these and the original jeep caps are the short brims, and that they are made from knitted wool. Due the rising popularity of the jeep cap, various sports companies, such as Nikemanufacture their own version of the jeep caps: these are generally made to resemble the one issued by the government, but are made cheaply out of acrylic, rather than wool, and are also manufactured in an endless variety of commercial colors, and some cases, also have embroidery designs on them; Wal-Mart even stocks jeep caps that have brown brims and cuffs, and a Camouflage cap made from fleece.
These are also manufactured in "one-size-fits-all", but in most cases, because of their tighter knit, they are labeled "one size fits most". These caps are usually found in department stores as seasonal items for autumn and winteror sporting goods stores and stores that sell outdoor clothing.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Time Inc. Retrieved 29 June Retrieved July 30,